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Posted on: November 07, 2023
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Goosegrass Weed

Goosegrass grows in a low rosette and creates a mat-like, pale green cluster with flattened stems. The base of stems has some flesh on them. A mature plant can extend up to 80 cm, or roughly 2-1/2 feet, in width. With the exception of a few long hairs on the bases, collars, and/or upper sheath margins, the leaf blades are almost completely hairless. Eleusine indica, the technical name for goosegrass, is a popular marijuana variety that is grown all over the world. It goes by a number of other names as well, such as crowfoot grass, wiregrass, and silver crabgrass. A summer annual grass weed that can cause problems in lawns, gardens, and farming areas is called goosegrass.Goosegrass grows in a low rosette and creates a mat-like, pale green cluster with flattened stems. The base of stems has some flesh on them. A mature plant can extend up to 80 cm, or roughly 2-1/2 feet, in width. With the exception of a few long hairs on the bases, collars, and/or upper sheath margins, the leaf blades are almost completely hairless. Eleusine indica, the technical name for goosegrass, is a popular marijuana variety that is grown all over the world. It goes by a number of other names as well, such as crowfoot grass, wiregrass, and silver crabgrass. A summer annual grass weed that can cause problems in lawns, gardens, and farming areas is called goosegrass.

  1. Appearance: Goosegrass typically has prostrate growth with stems that can reach up to 18 inches (45 cm) in length. The leaves are flat and can vary in color from light green to grayish-green.
  2. Seedheads: The seedheads of goosegrass are distinctive and consist of numerous small spikelets arranged in a spoke-like fashion at the tip of the stems.
  3. Seed production: Goosegrass can produce a large number of seeds, and these seeds can easily spread to new areas through various means, such as mowing, animals, or human activity.
  4. Habitat: It thrives in compacted and disturbed soils, making it a common problem in lawns and areas with foot traffic.

 

Goosegrass vs Crabgrass

Goosegrass and crabgrass are both types of grassy weeds that can be problematic in lawns and other turf areas. They have some similarities, but there are also important differences between the two.

Goosegrass:

  • Scientific Name: Eleusine indica
  • Growth Habit: Goosegrass is an annual grassy weed that tends to grow low to the ground in a rosette shape, with stems radiating from a central point.
  • Leaf Characteristics: The leaves are narrow and have a light green to yellowish-green color. They are smooth and have a distinctive silvery-white, membranous ligule at the leaf base.
  • Seedheads: Goosegrass produces seedheads with multiple branches, and the seeds have a distinctive shape.
  • Germination: Goosegrass germinates in late spring to early summer and thrives in hot and humid conditions.
  • Control: Pre-emergent and post-emergent herbicides are commonly used for goosegrass control. Cultural practices like proper lawn maintenance can also help prevent goosegrass infestations.

Crabgrass:

  • Scientific Name: Digitaria spp. (common species include Digitaria sanguinalis and Digitaria ischaemum)
  • Growth Habit: Crabgrass is an annual grassy weed that typically grows in clumps. It can spread rapidly and outcompete desirable grasses in lawns.
  • Leaf Characteristics: Crabgrass leaves are wider and coarser compared to goosegrass. They have a pale green to light yellowish-green color.
  • Seedheads: Crabgrass produces seedheads that are digitate (finger-like) and can be quite distinctive.
  • Germination: Crabgrass germinates in late spring to early summer when soil temperatures are warm. It's known for being one of the first weeds to appear in lawns in the spring.
  • Control: Pre-emergent herbicides are often used to prevent crabgrass germination. Post-emergent herbicides can be applied if crabgrass is already present. Good lawn care practices, such as regular mowing and proper fertilization, can also help prevent crabgrass infestations.

In summary, both goosegrass and crabgrass are annual grassy weeds that can invade lawns, but they have different characteristics in terms of growth habit, leaf shape, and seedhead appearance. Effective control strategies may include the use of herbicides and proper lawn maintenance to prevent these weeds from taking over your turf.

 

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